— Keith Mann, Although the ALF members reject violence against people, many activists support property crime, comparing the destruction of animal laboratories and other facilities to resistance fighters blowing up gas chambers in Nazi Germany. The movement has underground and above-ground components, and is entirely decentralized with no formal hierarchy, the absence of which acts as a firebreak when it comes to legal responsibility. Conversely, moral shocks that target the public at large (e.g., those used in vegan outreach) are less likely to be effective than those that have targets more distant from and less visible to the public (e.g., vivisectors). 478 people like this. To inflict economic damage on those who profit from the misery and exploitation of animals. , On January 20, 2006, as part of Operation Backfire, the U.S. Department of Justice announced charges against nine Americans and two Canadian activists calling themselves the "family".  A wave of letter bombs followed in 1993, one of which was opened by the head of the Hereford site of GlaxoSmithKline, causing burns to his hands and face. Blejwas, Andrew; Griggs, Anthony; and Potok, Mark. "Introduction," in Best and Nocella. Out of the review came Singer's Animal Liberation, published in 1975, now regarded by many as the "bible" of the movement. A May 28, 1984, raid on the University of Pennsylvania's head injury clinic caused $60,000 worth of damage and saw the removal of 60 hours of tapes, which showed the researchers laughing as they used a hydraulic device to cause brain damage to baboons. , Also in 1999, a freelance reporter, Graham Hall, said he had been attacked after producing a documentary critical of the ALF, which was aired on Channel 4. The transportation of farm animals for slaughter, which often involves their live export, has in recent years been a major issue for animal rights groups, particularly in the UK and Scandinavia. "Terrorism in the Name of Animal Rights", in Taylor, Maxwell and Horgan, John. The documentary showed ALF press officer Robin Webb appearing to give Hall—who was filming undercover while purporting to be an activist—advice about how to make an improvised explosive device, though Webb said his comments had been used out of context. Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM), a popular animal rights organization, has used moral shocks in its pay-per-view campaign, in which passersby were paid a dollar to watch a graphic video of nonhuman animal suffering. We are non-profit and strongly opposed to capitalism. Analysis. It is an animal-rights adage that animals cannot express themselves so as to influence public opinion, so that it is the obligation of human beings to speak on their behalf. Widely known as the bible of the animal liberation movement' Independent on Sunday. Animal liberation press officer Jerry Vlasak said of the attack: "force is a poor second choice, but if that's the only thing that will work ... there's certainly moral justification for that. See more of Animal Liberation Movement on Facebook. These reform-oriented nonhuman rights organizations direct resources to countering abolitionist claims and blocking abolitionists' access to discursive spheres.  Ryder subsequently became a contributor to Animals, Men and Morals: An Inquiry into the Maltreatment of Non-humans (1972), edited by John Harris and the Godlovitches, a work that became highly influential, as did Rosalind Godlovitch's essay "Animal and Morals," published the same year. The Pros And Cons Of Animal Rights 1318 Words | 6 Pages. In June 1974, two Band activists set fire to boats taking part in the annual seal cull off the coast of Norfolk, which Molland writes was the last time the cull took place. , Such factionalizing, researchers have pointed out, is common to social movements and plays a role in sustaining their health. , Non-violent resistance or civil disobedience consists of breaking the law without using violence.  Critics have labelled them as terrorists. Widely known as the bible of the animal liberation movement' Independent on Sunday In the decades since this landmark classic first appeared, some public attitudes to animals may have changed but our continued abuse of animals in factory farms and as tools for research shows that the underlying ideas Singer exposes as ethically indefensible are still dominating the way we treat animals. 451 people like this. Animal Liberation Movement. Activists argue that the animals they remove from laboratories or farms are "liberated," not "stolen," because they were never rightfully owned in the first place. The Southern Poverty Law Center, which monitors U.S. domestic extremism, has described SHAC's modus operandi as "frankly terroristic tactics similar to those of anti-abortion extremists". The Animal Liberation Press Office receives and publicizes anonymous communiqués from volunteers; it operates as an ostensibly independent group funded by public donations, though the High Court in London ruled in 2006 that its press officer in the UK, Robin Webb, was a pivotal figure in the ALF. Liberationists point out that Texas Animal Cruelty Laws apply only to pets living under the custody of human beings and exclude birds, deer, rabbits, squirrels, and other wild animals not owned by humans, ignoring that jurisdiction for such creatures comes under the domain of state wildlife officers. ), National Extremism Tactical Coordination Unit, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, Timeline of Animal Liberation Front actions, 1976-1999, British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, British Industrial Biological Research Association, Timeline of Animal Liberation Front actions, 2000–2004, Timeline of Animal Liberation Front actions, 2005–present, Earth Liberation Front § Cooperation with the ALF, "Reflections on Prison and the Needs of Our Movement", "History of the Animal Liberation Movement", "Animal Rights Groups and Ecology Militants Make DHS Terrorist List, Right-Wing Vigilantes Omitted", "Global Terrorism Database Search Result for "Animal Liberation Front" Graph of incident types per year", "Staying on Target and Going the Distance: An Interview with U.K. A.L.F. Other early influences include: Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel The Jungle, which drew attention to slaughterhouse operations; Henry Stephens Salt's treatises on nonhuman animal rights, which drew from human abolitionist arguments for recognizing personhood of people considered to be property; and the short-lived Fruitlands agrarian commune, which required its residents to eat a vegan diet. An intersectional orientation is seen online, on websites and social media, and also in offline activity. The incidents included arson attacks against meat-processing plants, lumber companies, a high-tension power line, and a ski center, in Oregon, Wyoming, Washington, California, and Colorado between 1996 and 2001. In the decades since this landmark classic first appeared, some public attitudes to animals may have changed but our continued abuse of animals in factory farms and as tools for research shows that the underlying ideas Singer exposes as ethically indefensible are still dominating the way we treat animals. Generally, animals are protected from any torture, neglect, or killing. " Best coined the term "extensional self-defence" to describe actions carried out in defense of animals by human beings acting as proxies. An anonymous volunteer interviewed in 2005 for CBS's 60 Minutes said of Vlasak: "[H]e doesn't operate with our endorsement or our support or our appreciation, the support of the ALF. However, in [the U.S.], social change has and can occur through the courts, which in many instances do not operate as democratic institutions. SHAC.net listed targets for "naming and shaming," emphasized and sent email action alerts, and facilitated written and digital communication between activists and targets. , In 1999, ALF activists became involved in the international Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) campaign to close Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), Europe's largest animal-testing laboratory. "Pro-Animal ALF Flouts Law in Name of Compassion". Animal rights § 20th century: Increase in animal use; animal rights movement, Animal rights § Main philosophical approaches, banned or severely restricted the use of non-human great apes in research, British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Revolutionary Cells—Animal Liberation brigade, Militant Forces Against Huntingdon Life Sciences, "Resonance of Moral Shocks in Abolitionist Animal Rights Advocacy: Overcoming Contextual Constraints", "An Analysis of Diversity in Nonhuman Animal Rights Media", "Abolition Then and Now: Tactical Comparisons Between the Human Rights Movement and the Modern Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement in the United States", "All beings that feel pain deserve human rights", Animal Rights: The Modern Animal Rights Movement, Growing a new agrarian myth: the american agriculture movement, identity, and the call to save the family farm, "'Personhood' Redefined: Animal Rights Strategy Gets at the Essence of Being Human", A Critique of the Kantian Theory of Indirect Moral Duties to Animals, "Germany guarantees animal rights in constitution", "A Step at a Time: New Zealand's Progress Towards Hominid Rights - Animal Legal & Historical Center", "India Declares Cetaceans "Non-Human Persons, "Fat vegan politics: A survey of fat vegan activists' online experiences with social movement sizeism", https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/magazine/1991/02/24/the-great-silver-spring-monkey-debate/25d3cc06-49ab-4a3c-afd9-d9eb35a862c3/, "Denver billboard… brought to you by the people who killed Maya - PETA - National Animal Interest Alliance", "Kill scientists, says animal rights chief", Anti-terror law 'could trap animal extremists', "Animal Rights Activists Shift Tactics, Targeting Individual Scientists & Businesses", "The Threat Of Extremism To Medical Research", Analysis of the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act.Using "terrorism" rhetoric to chill free speech and protect corporate profits by WILL POTTER, "A Critique of the Kantian Theory of Indirect Moral Duties to Animals", Animal Cruelty is the Price We Pay for Cheap Meat, From Dusk 'Til Dawn: An Insiders View of the Growth of the Animal Liberation Movement, Animal rights in Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, Moral status of animals in the ancient world, University of California, Riverside 1985 laboratory raid, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals, Moral Inquiries on the Situation of Man and of Brutes, An Introduction to Animals and Political Theory, Same-sex marriage (laws and issues prohibiting), Anti-cultural, anti-national, and anti-ethnic terms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Animal_rights_movement&oldid=990964655, 1970s establishments in the United Kingdom, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:58.  When the UK government later prevented SHAC from publishing reports from the ALF on its website, an activist created the Bite Back website, which was registered in the US and thus allowed the ALF to publish reports without reprisal. Originally published by Old Hammond Press, 19 Hungerhill Road, St Anns, Nottingham, England. The FBI writes that animal rights activists had a history of committing low-level criminal activity in the U.S. dating back to the 1970s. ", In August 1974, Lee and Goodman were arrested for taking part in a raid on Oxford Laboratory Animal Colonies in Bicester, earning them the moniker the "Bicester Two." , Animal rights writer Noel Molland writes that one of these HSA groups was formed in 1971 by a law student from Luton named Ronnie Lee. All animal liberationists believe that the individual interests of non-human animals deserve recognition and protection, but the movement can be split into two broad camps. , In June 2006, members of the ALF claimed responsibility for a firebomb attack on UCLA researcher Lynn Fairbanks, after a firebomb was placed on the doorstep of a house occupied by her 70-year-old tenant; according to the FBI, it was powerful enough to have killed the occupants, but failed to ignite. The criticism has been accompanied by dissent within the animal rights movement itself about the use of violence, and increasing attention from the police and intelligence communities. , ALF activists argue that animals should not be viewed as property, and that scientists and industry have no right to assume ownership of living beings who are the "subjects-of-a-life" in the words of philosopher Tom Regan. Best argues that the principle of extensional self-defense mirrors the penal code statues known as the necessity defense, which can be invoked when a defendant believes the illegal act was necessary to avoid imminent and great harm. For a reference to the original Bands of Mercy, see, For the Animal Liberation Press Office and the High Court ruling, see, For a story about the Bite Back report, see. The animal rights movement has espoused these tactics during the 2019 Animal Rebellion protests in London, leading to several dozen arrests.  The group was led by Rosalind and Stanley Godlovitch, graduate students of philosophy who had recently become vegetarians. The raid prompted National Institutes of Health director James Wyngaarden to argue that the raids should be regarded as acts of terrorism. This tactic relies on the popular perception of men as rational and not given to emotion, and follows a trend in social movement activism that seeks to counter traditional associations with femininity and private spheres by emphasizing rationality, rights, and justice. (eds. The seeds of the Animal Liberation Front movement were sown back in 1963, when a British journalist was assigned to cover a stag hunt. , Several incidents in 1989 and 1990 were described by the movement as false flag operations. Sizeism is used as a tactic to frame veganism as a healthy and positive lifestyle, aligning with a popular association of fatness with moral failure. Published in 1975 and re-released most recently in 2009, with an additional preface by the author, the book is widely recognized as a foundational text within the animal liberation movement.  Animal law courses are taught in 92 out of 180 law schools in the U.S., and the movement has gained the support of senior legal scholars, including Alan Dershowitz and Laurence Tribe of Harvard Law School. Widely known as the bible of the animal liberation movement' Independent on Sunday. The animal rights movement, sometimes called the animal liberation, animal personhood, or animal advocacy movement, is a social movement which seeks an end to the rigid moral and legal distinction drawn between human and non-human animals, an end to the status of animals as property, and an end to their use in the research, food, clothing, and entertainment industries. It wasn't us, the ALF. The organization was created to ‘police the first animal welfare legislation’ that had been passed two years earlier. New York : Ecco Book/Harper Perennial, 2009. isbn. According to the ALF's code, any act that furthers the cause of animal liberation, where all reasonable precautions are taken not to harm human or non-human life, may be claimed as an ALF action, including acts of vandalism causing economic damage. They see the promotion of veganism as a means of creating an antispeciesist culture and abolishing animal agriculture. Social Club in Kathmandu, Nepal.  ALF activist Donald Currie was jailed for 12 years and placed on probation for life in December 2006 after being found guilty of planting homemade bombs on the doorsteps of businessmen with links to HLS. A content analysis of magazine covers from highly visible animal rights organizations (PeTA and VegNews) revealed that most featured members were white, female, and thin. Animal Liberation lobbies to all levels of government and various industries complicit in animal exploitation, in an attempt to influence legislation and permanently improve the lives of all animals. When a friend gave me a copy of Animal Liberation in 1980, it was an epiphany. The animal liberation movement can be traced back to the nineteenth century, with the establishment of the UK’s Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1824, the current ‘Royal’ prefix was attached in 1840). 5. Shouldn't we stop and think for a second that maybe they are just others like us? A liberation movement demands an expansion of our moral horizons, so that practices that were previously regarded as natural and inevitable are now seen as intolerable. , The movement is no longer viewed as hovering on the fringe. Below is a massive list of animal liberation movement words - that is, words related to animal liberation movement. , The Seattle-based Great Ape Project (GAP), founded by Peter Singer, is campaigning for the United Nations to adopt its Declaration on Great Apes, which would see chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas and orang-utans included in a "community of equals" with human beings. Taking Companions in Conflict Further. The animal liberation movement or animal rights movement (sometimes called the animal personhood movement and animal advocacy movement), is the movement of activists, academics, lawyers, campaigns, and organized groups who oppose the use of non-human animals in research, as food, as clothing, or as entertainment. We employ their work; we eat and wear them. , In 2001, Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC), an animal rights group founded in the UK with the aim of ending vivisection practices by Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), published the names of targets associated with HLS on its website. The animal rights movement, sometimes called the animal liberation, animal personhood, or animal advocacy movement, is a social movement which seeks an end to the rigid moral and legal distinction drawn between human and non-human animals, an end to the status of animals as property, and an end to their use in the research, food, clothing, and entertainment industries.  In 2005 the ALF was included in a United States Department of Homeland Security planning document listing a number of domestic terrorist threats on which the U.S. government expected to focus resources. Radical factions in the movement rely on websites, blogs, podcasts, videos, and online forums to engage in vegan outreach and other mobilization efforts and build alliances, thus overcoming exclusion by dominant factions. ISBN 0 948062 02 9. The Department of Agriculture interprets the Act as also excluding cold-blooded animals, and warm-blooded animals not "used for research, teaching, testing, experimentation ... exhibition purposes, or as a pet, [and] farm animals used for food, fiber, or production purposes". This was the idea that became "Animals, Men and Morals' (see below). These groups exist to commit serious acts of vandalism, and to harass and intimidate owners and employees of the business sector.  As such, the movement is widely associated in public spheres with women, femininity, and effeminacy. Their approach was based not on sentimentality ("kindness to dumb animals"), but on the moral rights of animals. Hunters' associations of irrationality with femininity and of inexperience in hunting and wilderness with white-collar positions constituted the reasons for their dismissal of activists' claims. 14 According to Best, the ‘modern animal “rights” movement’ is relatively new (he argues a few decades). The saga does not end there, there is a second prisoner and multiple activists have been fined for protesting Niclas Pettersson’s fur farm in Falkernberg. , This article is about the social movement. , Labs raided, locks glued, products spiked, depots ransacked, windows smashed, construction halted, mink set free, fences torn down, cabs burnt out, offices in flames, car tyres es slashed, cages emptied, phone lines severed, slogans daubed, muck spread, damage done, electrics cut, site flooded, hunt dogs stolen, fur coats slashed, buildings destroyed, foxes freed, kennels attacked, businesses burgled, uproar, anger, outrage, balaclava clad thugs.  For example, the Istanbul Animal Rights Movement's theory and activities draw from those of various countries that have spread through the use of Internet. The head injury clinic was closed, the university's chief veterinarian was fired, and the university was put on probation. The philosophers found this article and were inspired by its vigorous unsentimental polemic. Posing as a reporter, Valerie was put in touch with Ronnie Lee by Kim Stallwood, who at the time was working for the BUAV. In protest, he formed the Hunt Saboteurs Association (HSA), which evolved into groups of volunteers trained to thwart the hunts' hounds by blowing horns and laying false scents. Between June and August 1974, the Band launched eight raids against animal-testing laboratories, and others against chicken breeders and gun shops, damaging buildings or vehicles.
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